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Friedman Milton Quotes & Sayings

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Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

In a free society, it is hard for 'good' people to do 'good', but that is a small price to pay for making it hard for 'evil' people to do 'evil', especially since one man's good is another's evil — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Keynes was a great economist. In every discipline, progress comes from people who make hypotheses, most of which turn out to be wrong, but all of which ultimately point to the right answer. Now Keynes, in The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money,set forth a hypothesis which was a beautiful one, and it really altered the shape of economics. But it turned out that it was a wrong hypothesis. That doesn't mean that he wasn't a great man! — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Economics has become increasingly an arcane branch of mathematics rather than dealing with real economic problems. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Freedom means diversity but also mobility. It preserves the opportunity for today's disadvantaged to become tomorrow's privileged and, in the process, enables almost everyone, from top to bottom, to enjoy a fuller and richer life. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

History only suggests that capitalism is a necessary condition for political freedom. Clearly it is not a sufficient condition. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

A real gold standard is thoroughly consistent with [classical] liberal principles and I, for one, am entirely in favor of measures promoting its development. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Business corporations in general are not defenders of free enterprise. On the contrary, they are one of the
chief sources of danger ... Every businessman is in favor of freedom for everybody else, but when it comes to himself that's a different question. We have to have that tariff to protect us against competition from abroad. We have to have that special provision in the tax code. We have to have that subsidy. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The big problem for a democratic government - democrat with a small "d" - is how to hold down government spending. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Silence was pleased. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Corruption is government intrusion into market efficiencies in the form of regulations. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The major way that society has come to agree on the rules of property is through the growth of common law, though more recently legislation has played an increasing role. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

A private enterprise system needs some measuring rod, it needs something, it needs money to make its transactions. You can't run a big complicated system through barter, through converting one commodity into another. You need a monetary system to operate. And the instability in that monetary system is devastating to the performance of the economy. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Complete free trade is not politically feasible. Why? Because it's only in the general interest and in no one's special interest. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

I can spend somebody else's money on somebody else. And if I spend somebody else's money on somebody else, I'm not concerned about how much it is, and I'm not concerned about what I get. And that's government. And that's close to 40 percent of our national income. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Rich people are the experimental ground for every new development. The nature of progress is that what begins as a luxury for the rich becomes a necessity for the poor as it's developed and passed on. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Every country, it always is and must be the interest of the great body of the people to buy whatever they want of those who sell it cheapest. The proposition is so very manifest, that it seems ridiculous to take any pains to prove it; nor could it ever have been called in question, had not the interested sophistry of merchants and manufacturers confounded the common sense of mankind. Their interest is, in this respect, directly opposite to that of the great body of the people. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Government has three primary functions. It should provide for military defense of the nation. It should enforce contracts between individuals. It should protect citizens from crimes against themselves or their property. When government
in pursuit of good intentions tries to rearrange the economy, legislate morality, or help special interests, the cost come in inefficiency, lack of motivation, and loss of freedom. Government should be a referee, not an active player. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The Internet is the most effective instrument we have for globalization. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Only a crisis - actual or perceived - produces real change. When that crisis occurs, the actions that are taken depend on the ideas that are lying around. That, I believe, is our basic function: to develop alternatives to existing policies, to keep them alive and available until the politically impossible becomes the politically inevitable. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The only corporate social responsibility a company has is to maximize its profits. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Universities exist to transmit knowledge and understanding of ideas and values to students not to provide entertainment for spectators or employment for athletes. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

My major problem with the world is a problem of scarcity in the midst of plenty ... of people starving while there are unused resources ... people having skills which are not being used. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By David Howden

Analysis predating [Milton] Friedman's gave a different answer to question of the Fed's policy errors [during the Great Depression] and new scholarship is validating the old wisdom. It now appears that Friedman will be merely an interlude between the sounder analysis of economists contemporary to the Great Depression and those who have rediscovered their insights. --Jeff Herbener — David Howden

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The important issue is not how much inequality there is but how much opportunity there is for individuals to get out of the bottom classes and into the top. If there is enough movement upward, people will accept the efficiency of the markets. If you have opportunity, there is a great tolerance for inequality. That has been the saving grace of the American system. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Vikram Mansharamani

If you put the government in charge of the Sahara Desert, in five years there'd be a shortage of sand. - Milton Friedman — Vikram Mansharamani

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Only government can take perfectly good paper, cover it with perfectly good ink and make the combination worthless. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

It is taken for granted that workers should receive their pay partly in kind, in the form of medical care provided by the employer. How come? Why single out medical care? Surely food is no less essential to life than medical care. Why is it not at least as logical for workers to be required to buy their food at the company store as to be required to buy their medical care at the company store? — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Thanks to economists, all of us, from the days of Adam Smith and before right down to the present, tariffs are perhaps one tenth of one percent lower than they otherwise would have been. ...
And because of our efforts, we have earned our salaries ten-thousand fold. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Whenever we depart from voluntary cooperation and try to do good by using force, the bad moral value of force triumphs over good intentions. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Franco Modigliani

Economists agree about economics - and that's a science - and they disagree about economic policy because that's a value judgment ... I've had profound disagreements on policy with the famous Milton Friedman. But, on economics, we agree. — Franco Modigliani

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The state of our educational system is a disgrace to our country. We have an elementary and secondary school system in which close to half of the youngsters never graduate properly. It's a disgrace that there is more illiteracy today than there was 100 years ago. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The most important single central fact about a free market is that no exchange takes place unless both parties benefit. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

In response to a suggestion that total free trade would end in cheaper foreign products flooding the market and causing unemployment. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The fall of the Berlin Wall did more for the progress of freedom than all of the books written by myself or Friedrich Hayek or others. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Who Protects the Consumer? "It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest. We address ourselves, not to their humanity but to their self-love, and never talk to them of our own necessities but of their advantages. Nobody but a beggar chuses to depend chiefly upon the benevolence of his fellow citizens." - Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations, vol. I, [>] — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The combination of economic and political power in the same hands is a sure recipe for tyranny. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

No arbitrary obstacles should prevent people from achieving those positions for which their talents fit them and which their values lead them to seek. Not birth, nationality, color, religion, sex, nor any other irrelevant characteristic should determine the opportunities that are open to a person - only his abilities. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The stock market and economy are two different things. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

My monetary studies have led me to the conclusion that central banks could profitably be replaced by computers. Fortunately, for me personally, that conclusion has had no practical impact, else there would have been no Central Bank of Sweden to have established the award [Nobel Prize] I am honored to receive. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

There is no other complex field in our society in which do-it-yourself beats out factory production or market production. Nobody makes his or her own car. But it is still the case that parents can perform the job of educating their children [homeschooling], in many cases better than our present education system. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

There is no figure who had more of an influence, no person had more of an influence on the intellectuals behind the Iron Curtain than Friedrich Hayek. His books were translated and published by the underground and black market editions, read widely, and undoubtedly influenced the climate of opinion that ultimately brought about the collapse of the Soviet Union. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

If the only motive was to help people who could not afford education, advocates of government involvement would have simply proposed tuition subsidies. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The present oil crisis has not been produced by the oil companies. It is a result of government mismanagement exacerbated by the Mideast war. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

This plea comes from the bottom of my heart. Every friend of freedom, and I know you are one, must be as revolted as I am by the prospect of turning the United States into an armed camp, by the vision of jails filled with casual drug users and of an army of enforcers empowered to invade the liberty of citizens on slight evidence. A country in which shooting down unidentified planes "on suspicion" can be seriously considered as a drug-war tactic is not the kind of United States that either you or I want to hand on to future generations. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

You never can cure poverty. Poverty is in the eye of the beholder. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

If you spend your own money on yourself, you care how much you spend and how well you spend it. If you spend your own money on someone else, you care how much you spend, but you don't care how well it is spent. If you spend someone else's money on yourself, you don't care how much you spend, but you do care how well it is spent. And finally, if you spend someone else's money on someone else, you don't care how much you spend, and you don't care how well it is spent. That is government. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

What would the people who sold us goods do with the money? They'd get dollars. What would they do with the dollars? Eat them?! — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

There is no good way of measuring poverty. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

At the end of World War II, we had wage and price controls. Under wartime inflationary conditions, many employers found it difficult to recruit employees. To get around the limitations of wage control, many began to offer health care as a fringe benefit to attract workers. As a new benefit, it took some years for the Internal Revenue Service to get around to requiring the cost of the medical care to be included in the reported taxable income of the employees. By the time it did, workers had come to regard nontaxable medical care provided by the employer as a right - or should I say entitlement? They raised such a big political fuss that Congress legislated nontaxable status for employer-provided medical care. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The euro is good for Europe. But only if there is flexibility all around. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Significant changes in the growth rate of money supply, even small ones, impact the financial markets first. Then, they impact changes in the real economy, usually in six to nine months, but in a range of three to 18 months. Usually in about two years in the US, they correlate with changes in the rate of inflation or deflation."
"The leads are long and variable, though the more inflation a society has experienced, history shows, the shorter the time lead will be between a change in money supply growth and the subsequent change in inflation. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

China has seen a great deal of economic progress. It's certainly rather of a miracle. The growing role of the market in the economy will force China to open up its political system over time and to move toward a more democratic society. So taken as a whole, the one real failure in this whole business has been Russia. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Fundamentally, there are only two ways of co-ordinating the economic activities of millions. One is central direction involving the use of coercion - the technique of the army and of the modern totalitarian state. The other is voluntary co-operation of individuals - the technique of the market place. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By John Kenneth Galbraith

Any country that has Milton Friedman as an adviser has nothing to fear from a few million Arabs. — John Kenneth Galbraith

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The only reason there is a crisis about Social Security in the US and pensions in Europe and Japan is that you cannot maintain a "Ponzi" scheme indefinitely. We have collected from today's young to pay today's old and counted on tomorrow's young to keep doing so. That was a fine scheme as long as the number of young people was rising faster than old people. When that ratio comes to an end, such a system also has to end. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The only relevant test of the validity of a hypothesis is comparison of prediction with experience. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

In which of these respects the public is more stubborn is an empirical question to be judged from the factual evidence, not something that can be determined by reason alone. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

You had a flood of immigrants, millions of them, coming to this country. What brought them here? It was the hope for a better life for them and their children. And, in the main, they succeeded. It is hard to find any century in history, in which so large a number of people experience so great an improvement in the conditions of their life, in the opportunities open to them, as in the period of the 19th and early 20th century. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Whenever you try to do good with someone else's money, you are committed to using force. How can you do good with somebody else's money, unless you first take it away from them? The only way you can take it away from them is the threat of force: you have a policeman, tax collector, who comes and takes it from them. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Adam Davidson

I don't think that much change comes from economists. I think it comes more from political realities. Probably the two giants of the 20th century, who actually did shift government policy in the U.S. and around the world, were John Maynard Keynes and Milton Friedman. I don't see anybody in our system who is at that level of influence. — Adam Davidson

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

What most people really object to when they object to a free market is that it is so hard for them to shape it to their own will. The market gives people what the people want instead of what other people think they ought to want. At the bottom of many criticisms of the market economy is really lack of belief in freedom itself. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Rapid increases in the quantity of money produce inflation. Sharp decreases produce depression. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The greatest advances of civilization, whether in architecture or painting, in science and literature, in industry or agriculture, have never come from centralized government. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

If you have free immigration, in the way we had it before 1914, everybody benefited. The people who were here benefited. The people who came benefited. Because nobody would come unless he, or his family, thought he would do better here than he would elsewhere. And, the new immigrants provided additional resources, provided additional possibilities for the people already here. So everybody can mutually benefit. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

I think there is universal agreement within the economics profession that the decline - the sharp decline in the quantity of money played a very major role in producing the Great Depression. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Now here's somebody who wants to smoke a marijuana cigarette. If he's caught, he goes to jail. Now is that moral? Is that proper? I think it's absolutely disgraceful that our government, supposed to be our government, should be in the position of converting people who are not harming others into criminals, of destroying their lives, putting them in jail. That's the issue to me. The economic issue comes in only for explaining why it has those effects. But the economic reasons are not the reasons — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

If China don't free up the political side, its economic growth will come to an end - while it is still at a very low level. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

There is no logical basis for the prohibition of marijuana. $7.7 billion is a lot of money, but that is one of the lesser evils. Our failure to successfully enforce these laws is responsible for the deaths of thousands of people in Colombia. I haven't even included the harm to young people. It's absolutely disgraceful to think of picking up a 22-year-old for smoking pot. More disgraceful is the denial of marijuana for medical purposes. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Because we live in a largely free society, we tend to forget how limited is the span of time and the part of the globe for which there has ever been anything like political freedom: the typical state of mankind is tyranny, servitude, and misery. The nineteenth century and early twentieth century in the Western world stand out as striking exceptions to the general trend of historical development. Political freedom in this instance clearly came along with the free market and the development of capitalist institutions. So also did political freedom in the golden age of Greece and in the early days of the Roman era. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The essential notion of a capitalist society ... is voluntary cooperation, voluntary exchange. The essential notion of a socialist society is force. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Few trends could so thoroughly undermine the very foundations of our free society as the acceptance by corporate officials of a social responsibility other than to make as much money for their stockholders as possible. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Higher taxes never reduce the deficit. Governments spend whatever they take in and then whatever they can get away with. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

These people live in many lands, speak different languages, practice different religions, may even hate one another- yet none of these differences prevented them from cooperating to produce a pencil. How did it happen? Adam Smith gave us the answer two hundred years ago. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

If capitalism worked as the socialists think an economic system ought to work, and provided a constant equality of living conditions for all, regardless of whether a man was able or not, resourceful or not, diligent or not, thrifty or not, if capitalism put no premiums on resourcefulness and effort and not penalty on idleness or vice, it would produce only an equality of destitution. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

It's a moral problem that the government is making into criminals people, who may be doing something you and I don't approve of, but who are doing something that hurts nobody else. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Germany cannot get out of the euro. What it has to do, therefore, is make the economy more flexible - to eliminate the restrictions on prices, on wages and on employment; in short, the regulations that keep 10 percent of the German workforce unemployed. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The only way that has ever been discovered to have a lot of people cooperate together voluntarily is through the free market. And that's why it's so essential to preserving individual freedom. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

I think that nothing is so important for freedom as recognizing in the law each individual's natural right to property, and giving individuals a sense that they own something that they're responsible for, that they have control over, and that they can dispose of. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The case against a fully independent central bank is strong indeed. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

There is not a line in 'The Wealth of Nations' that is not still applicable to this day. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

One of the reasons that I am in favor of less government is because when you have more government, industrialists take it over. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

There's no way to avoid a burden on your freedom. The costs themselves are a burden on your freedom. The restrictions that are necessary in order to get rid of the terrorists are a burden to your freedom. So there's no way in the short run to avoid a restriction on your freedom. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

All learning is ultimately self-learning. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

I have long been a critic of Social Security, basically because I believe that it is not the business of government to tell people what fraction of their incomes they should devote to providing for their own or someone else's old age. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

There are severe limits to the good that the government can do for the economy, but there are almost no limits to the harm it can do. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The free market is not only a more efficient decision maker than even the wisest central planning body, but even more important, the free market keeps economic power widely dispersed. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

See, if you look at the drug war from a purely economic point of view, the role of the government is to protect the drug cartel. That's literally true. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

What you have as a result of past policies is that German entrepreneurs go outside of Germany for many of their activities. They are investing abroad instead of at home because there isn't the openness, fluidity and opportunity they find outside their borders. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

For one thing, there are many "inventions" that are not patentable. The "inventor" of the supermarket, for example, conferred great benefits on his fellowmen for which he could not charge them. Insofar as the same kind of ability is required for the one kind of invention as for the other, the existence of patents tends to divert activity to patentable inventions. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

One role of prohibition is in making the drug market more lucrative. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

I think a major reason why intellectuals tend to move towards collectivism is that the collectivist answer is a simple one. If there's something wrong, pass a law and do something about it. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The government has no more right to tell me what goes into my mouth, including illegal drugs, than it has to tell me what comes out of my mouth. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

a private enterprise is a failure, it closes down - unless it can get a government subsidy to keep it going; if a government enterprise fails, it is expanded. I challenge you to find exceptions. The — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

You know there are very few Marxists left in the world ... they're all in American universities. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

But on the other hand, if you come under circumstances where each person is entitled to a pro-rata share of the pot, to take an extreme example, or even to a low level of the pie, than the effect of that situation is that free immigration, would mean a reduction of everybody to the same, uniform level. Of course, I'm exaggerating, it wouldn't go quite that far, but it would go in that direction. And it is that perception, that leads people to adopt what at first seems like inconsistent values. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

Never try to walk across a river just because it has an average depth of four feet. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

The true test of any scholar's work is not what his contemporaries say, but what happens to his work in the next twenty-five or fifty years. And the thing that I will really be proud of is if some of the work I have done is still cited in the text books long after I am gone. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

It doesn't worry me a bit that China and Japan hold so much US debt. In a way, it seems foolish for them to do it because they get lower returns than they might elsewhere. But that is their business. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

It all would have been much better if individuals saved for their own old age. — Milton Friedman

Friedman Milton Quotes By Milton Friedman

One reason inflation is so destructive is because some people benefit greatly while other people suffer; society is divided into winners and losers. The winners regard the good things that happen to them as the natural result of their own foresight, prudence, and initiative. They regard the bad things, the rise in the prices of the things they buy, as produced by forces outside their control. Almost everyone will say that he is against inflation; what he generally means is that he is against the bad things that have happened to him. — Milton Friedman