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Friedrich Hegel Quotes & Sayings

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Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Since philosophy is the exploration of the rational, it is for that very reason the apprehension of the present and the actual, not the erection of a beyond, supposed to exist, God knows where, or rather which exists, and we can perfectly well say where, namely in the error of a one-sided, empty, ratiocination. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Alfred North Whitehead

My criticism of Hegel procedure is that when in his discussion he arrives at a contradiction, he construes it as a crisis in the universe. — Alfred North Whitehead

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Thinking is, indeed, essentially the negation of that which is before us. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Nothing great in the world was accomplished without passion. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Wickedness also resides in the gaze that perceives itself as innocent and surrounded by wickedness. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The force of mind is only as great as its expression; its depth only as deep as its power to expand and lose itself. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Only one man ever understood me, and he didn't understand me. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Beauty and art, no doubt, pervade all business of life like a kindly genius, and form the bright adornment of all our surroundings, both mental and material, soothing the sadness of our condition and the embarrassments of real life, killing time in entertaining fashion, and where there's nothing to be achieved, occupying the place of what is vicious, better, at any rate, than vice. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Mere goodness can achieve little against the power of nature. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Friedrich Nietzsche

French philosopher whom professional philosophers generally accord highest honors is Descartes. Montaigne and Pascal, Voltaire and Rousseau, Bergson and Sartre do not enjoy their greatest vogue among philosophers, and of these only Rousseau has had any considerable influence on the history of philosophy (through Kant and Hegel). — Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

What is rational is real and what is real is rational — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Animals are in possession of themselves; their soul is in possession of their body. But they have no right to their life, because they do not will it. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

An idea is always a generalization, and generalization is a property of thinking. To generalize means to think. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Education to independence demands that young people should be accustomed early to consult their own sense of propriety and their own reason. To regard study as mere receptivity and memory work is to have a most incomplete view of what instruction means. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The substance, the essence, the Spirit is freedom. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

When needs and means become abstract in quality, abstraction is also a character of the reciprocal relation of individuals to oneanother. This abstract character, universality, is the character of being recognized and is the moment which makes concrete, i.e. social, the isolated and abstract needs and their ways and means of satisfaction. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

People who are too fastidious towards the finite never reach actuality, but linger in abstraction, and their light dies away. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Karl Marx

Hegel remarks somewhere that all great, world-historical facts and personages occur, as it were, twice. He has forgotten to add: the first time as tragedy, the second as farce. — Karl Marx

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

When we walk the streets at night in safety, it does not strike us that this might be otherwise. This habit of feeling safe has become second nature, and we do not reflect on just how this is due solely to the working of special institutions. Commonplace thinking often has the impression that force holds the state together, but in fact its only bond is the fundamental sense of order which everybody possesses. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

America is therefore the land of the future, where, in the ages that lie before us, the burden of the World's History shall reveal itself. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The people are that part of the state that does not know what it wants. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

History as the slaughter-bench — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Truth in philosophy means that concept and external reality correspond. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Poverty in itself does not make men into a rabble; a rabble is created only when there is joined to poverty a disposition of mind, an inner indignation against the rich, against society, against the government. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Bertrand Russell

When I was young, most teachers of philosophy in British and American universities were Hegelians, so that, until I read Hegel, I supposed there must be some truth to his system; I was cured, however, by discovering that everything he said on the philosophy of mathematics was plain nonsense. — Bertrand Russell

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

What experience and history teaches us is that people and governments have never learned anything from history, or acted on principles deduced from it. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Lacking strength beauty hates the understanding for asking of her what it cannot do but the life of spirit is not the life that shrinks from death and keeps itself untouched by devastation, but rather the life that endures it and maintains itself in it. It wins its truth only when, in utter dismemberment, it finds itself. It is this power, not as something positive, which closes its eyes to the negative as when we say of something that it is nothing or is false, and then having done with it, turn away and pass on to something else; on the contrary, spirit is this power only by looking the negative in the face, and tarrying with it. This tarrying with the negative is the magical power that converts it into being. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

All the worth which the human being possesses, all spiritual reality, he possesses only through the State ... For Truth is the unity of the universal and subjective will; and the Universal is to be found in the State, in its laws, its universal and rational arrangements. The State is the Divine Idea as it exists on earth. We have in it, therefore, the object of history in a more definite shape than before; that in which Freedom obtains objectivity. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Beauty is merely the Spiritual making itself known sensuously. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

[T]he vanity of the contents" of individual experience is scrutable as an inessential trapping drawn into a matter by vested interests " ... since it is at the same time the vanity of the self that knows itself to be vain — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

If you want to love you must serve, if you want freedom you must die. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

One more word about giving instruction as to what the world ought to be. Philosophy in any case always comes on the scene too late to give it. As the thought of the world, it appears only when actuality is already there cut and dried after its process of formation has been completed ...
When philosophy paints its grey in grey, then has a shape of life grown old. By philosophy's grey in grey it cannot be rejuvenated but only understood. The owl of Minerva spreads its wings only with the falling of the dusk. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Philosophy is the history of philosophy. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Friedrich Engels

Hegel was the first to state correctly the relation between freedom and necessity. To him, freedom is the insight into necessity. — Friedrich Engels

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

It is specially characteristic of the German that the more servile he on the one hand is, the more uncontrolled is he on the other; restraint and want of restraint - originality, is the angel of darkness that buffets us. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The True is the whole. But the whole is nothing other than the essence consummating itself through its development. Of the Absolute it must be said that it is essentially a result, that only in the end is it what it truly is; and that precisely in this consists its nature, viz. to be actual, subject, the spontaneous becoming of itself. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

It strikes everyone in beginning to form an acquaintance with the treasures of Indian literature that a land so rich in intellectual products and those of the profoundest order of thought. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

All that is real is reasonable, and all that is reasonable is real. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

History in general is therefore the development of Spirit in Time, as Nature is the development of the Idea is Space. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

To be aware of limitations is already to be beyond them. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The soul is presupposed as a ready-made agent, which displays such features as its acts and utterances, from which we can learn what it is, what sort of faculties and powers it possesses
all without being aware that the act and utterance of what the soul is really invests it with that character in our conception and makes it reach a higher stage of being than it explicitly had before. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The sole work and deed of universal freedom is therefore death, a death too which has no inner significance or filling, for what is negated is the empty point of the absolutely free self. It is thus the coldest and meanest of all deaths, with no more significance than cutting off a head of cabbage or swallowing a mouthful of water. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Tom Holland

Once the world of ideas has been transformed, reality cannot hold out for long. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel — Tom Holland

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Truth is found neither in the thesis nor the antithesis, but in an emergent synthesis which reconciles the two. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

History is not the soil in which happiness grows. The periods of happiness in it are the blank pages of history. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

To make abstractions hold in reality is to destroy reality. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

I have the courage to be mistaken. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Francis Fukuyama

For Hegel, by contrast, liberal society is a reciprocal and equal agreement among citizens to mutually recognize each other — Francis Fukuyama

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Art is the sensuous presentation of ideas. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The bud disappears when the blossom breaks through, and we might say that the former is refuted by the latter; in the same way when the fruit comes, the blossom may be explained to be a false form of the plant's existence, for the fruit appears as its true nature in place of the blossom. The ceaseless activity of their own inherent nature makes these stages moments of an organic unity, where they not merely do not contradict one another, but where one is as necessary as the other; and constitutes thereby the life of the whole. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

War is progress, peace is stagnation — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The Catholics had been in the position of oppressors, and the Protestants of the oppressed — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Impatience asks for the impossible, wants to reach the goal without the means of getting there. The length of the journey has to be borne with, for every moment is necessary. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Serious occupation is labor that has reference to some want. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Every idea, extended into infinity, becomes its own opposite. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

God is, as it were, the sewer into which all contradictions flow. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

When we look at the world rationally, the world looks rationally back. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

By Nature man is not what he ought to be; only through a transforming process does he arrive at truth. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The History of the world is not the theatre of happiness. Periods of happiness are blank pages in it, for they are periods of harmony
periods when the antithesis is in abeyance. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The more certain our knowledge the less we know. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

What is rational is actual and what is actual is rational — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The State is the Divine idea as it exists on Earth. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

On the stage on which we are observing it, - Universal History - Spirit displays itself in its most concrete reality. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Alena Graedon

In the words of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, "Human nature only really exists in an achieved community of minds. — Alena Graedon

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

A man who has work that suits him and a wife, whom he loves, has squared his accounts with life. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The only Thought which Philosophy brings with it to the contemplation of History, is the simple conception of Reason; that Reason is the Sovereign of the World; that the history of the world, therefore, presents us with a rational process. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The heart is everywhere, and each part of the organism is only the specialized force of the heart itself. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

History is not the soil of happiness. The periods of happiness are blank pages in it. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

In a true tragedy, both parties must be right. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

An individual piece only has meaning when it is seen as part of the whole. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Every consciousness pursues the death of the other. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Africa has no history and did not contribute to anything that makind enjoyed ... — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

To be independent of public opinion is the first formal condition of achieving anything great. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The true is the whole. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Whatever is reasonable is true, and whatever is true is reasonable — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Genuine tragedy is a case not of right against wrong but of right against right - two equally justified ethical principles embodied in people of unchangeable will. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Friedrich Engels

The state, then, is by no means a power forced on society from outside; neither is it the "realization of the ethical idea," "the image and the realization of reason," as Hegel maintains. It is simply a product of society at a certain stage of evolution. It is the confession that this society has become hopelessly divided against itself, has entangled itself in irreconcilable contradictions which it is powerless to banish. In — Friedrich Engels

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The very fact that something is determined as a limitation implies that the limitation is already transcended. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The beginning of religion, more precisely its content, is the concept of religion itself, that God is the absolute truth, the truth of all things, and subjectively that religion alone is the absolutely true knoweldge. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The Beautiful is the expression of the absolute Spirit, which is truth itself. This region of Divine truth as artistically presented to perception and feeling, forms the center of the whole world of Art. It is a self-contained, free, divine formation which has completely appropriated the elements of external form as material, and which employs them only as the means of manifesting itself. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The Christian imagination bas produced nothing but an insipid legend. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Rulers, Statesmen, Nations, are wont to be emphatically commended to the teaching which experience offers in history. But what experience and history teach is this - that people and governments never have learned anything from history, or acted on principles deduced from it. Each period is involved in such peculiar circumstances, exhibits a condition of things so strictly idiosyncratic, that its conduct must be regulated by considerations connected with itself, and itself alone. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The State is the absolute reality and the individual himself has objective existence, truth and morality only in his capacity as a member of the State. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

When liberty is mentioned, we must always be careful to observe whether it is not really the assertion of private interests which is thereby designated. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The history of the world is none other than the progress of the consciousness of freedom. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The evident character of this defective cognition of which mathematics is proud, and on which it plumes itself before philosophy, rests solely on the poverty of its purpose and the defectiveness of its stuff, and is therefore of a kind that philosophy must spurn — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Governments have never learned anything from history, or acted on principles deducted from it. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Nothing great has been and nothing great can be accomplished without passion. It is only a dead, too often, indeed, a hypocriticalmoralizing which inveighs against the form of passion as such. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The bud disappears in the bursting-forth of the blossom, and one might say that the former is refuted by the latter; similarly, when the fruit appears, the blossom is shown up in its turn as a false manifestation of the plant, and the fruit now emerges as the truth of it instead. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Quite generally, the familiar, just because it is familiar, is not cognitively understood. The commonest way in which we deceive either ourselves or others about understanding is by assuming something as familiar, and accepting it on that account; with all its pros and cons, such knowing never gets anywhere, and it knows not why ... The analysis of an idea, as it used to be carried out, was, in fact, nothing else than ridding it of the form in which it had become familiar. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Only by resolving can a human being step into actuality, however bitter this may be to him. Inertia lacks the will to abandon the inward brooding which allows it to retain everything as as a possibility. But possibility is not yet actuality. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

It is not a very pleasing spectacle to observe uncultivated ignorance and crudity of mind, with neither form nor taste, without the capacity to concentrate its thoughts on an abstract proposition, still less on a connected statement of such propositions, confidently proclaiming itself to be intellectual freedom and — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The sublime in art is the attempt to express the infinite without finding in the realm of phenomena any object which proves itself fitting for this representation. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

No man is a hero to his valet. This is not because the hero is not a hero, but because the valet is a valet. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The life of God - the life which the mind apprehends and enjoys as it rises to the absolute unity of all things - may be described as a play of love with itself; but this idea sinks to an edifying truism, or even to a platitude, when it does not embrace in it the earnestness, the pain, the patience, and labor, involved in the negative aspect of things. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

The one who merely flees is not yet free. In fleeing he is still conditioned by that from which he flees. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

crowd of frenzied females, — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Reason is just as cunning as she is powerful. Her cunning consists principally in her mediating activity, which, by causing objects to act and re-act on each other in accordance with their own nature, in this way, without any direct interference in the process, carries out reason's intentions. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

To him who looks upon the world rationally, the world in its turn presents a rational aspect. The relation is mutual. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Friedrich Hegel Quotes By Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Beauty and art pervade all the business of life like a kindly genius, brightly adorning our surroundings whether interior or exterior, mitigating the seriousness of existence and the complexities of the real life, extinguishing idleness in an entertaining fashion, and, where there is nothing good to be achieved, filling the place of vice better than vice itself. — Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel